Jul 5 – 10, 2021
Europe/Rome timezone

Event Horizon Telescope Paper VIII: Dynamically Important Magnetic Fields at the M 87* Horizon

Jul 5, 2021, 4:50 PM
20m
Talk in the parallel session Radio Astronomy from Space Radio Astronomy from Space

Speaker

Daniel Palumbo (Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian)

Description

In 2017, the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) observed the black hole at the center of the giant elliptical galaxy, Messier 87 using very-long baseline interferometry between a global network of radio telescopes. The resulting linearly polarized images of the accretion flow near the horizon of the black hole (M 87*) show resolved polarized structure with a spiral pattern in the electric vector position angle. I will present the implications of these images for our understanding of accretion flows around supermassive black holes. In particular, I will present the theoretical analysis recently published by the EHT, in which the EHT image reconstructions were compared to ray traced images of general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (GRMHD) simulations of M 87* according to five metrics: average linear polarization fraction, net linear polarization, net circular polarization, and the amplitude and phase of a complex coefficient corresponding to azimuthal structure in linear polarization, $\beta_2$. Regardless of the details of the scoring procedure used, only simulations with dynamically important fields, so-called magnetically arrested disks, yield images consistent with EHT observations while producing a jet of sufficient power. The polarized image constraints refine the previous EHT estimates of the M 87* accretion rate by an order of magnitude to the narrower range of $(3 - 20)\times 10^{-4} M_{\odot} {\rm yr}^{-1}$.

Primary author

Daniel Palumbo (Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian)

Co-author

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