Jul 5 – 10, 2021
Europe/Rome timezone

Black holes, stationary clouds and magnetic fields

Jul 6, 2021, 10:40 AM
20m
Talk in the parallel session Black Holes in alternative theories of gravity Black Holes in Alternative Theories of Gravity

Speaker

Nuno Santos (Técnico Lisboa & Universidade de Aveiro)

Description

As the electron in the hydrogen atom, a bosonic field can bind itself to a black hole occupying a discrete infinite set of states. When (i) the spacetime is prone to superradiance and (ii) a confinement mechanism is present, some of such states are infinitely long–lived. These equilibrium configurations, known as stationary clouds, are states “synchronized” with a rotating black hole's event horizon. For most, if not all, stationary clouds studied in the literature so far, the requirements (i)–(ii) are independent of each other. However, this is not always the case. In fact, massless neutral scalar fields can form stationary clouds around a Reissner–Nordström black hole when both are subject to a uniform magnetic field. The latter simultaneously enacts both requirements by creating an ergoregion (thereby opening up the possibility of superradiance) and trapping the scalar field in the black hole's vicinity. This leads to some novel features, in particular, that only black holes with a subset of the possible charge to mass ratios can support stationary clouds.

Primary author

Nuno Santos (Técnico Lisboa & Universidade de Aveiro)

Co-author

Carlos Herdeiro (Aveiro University, Portugal)

Presentation materials

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