Jul 5 – 10, 2021
Europe/Rome timezone

Constraints on the non-minimal coupling of Electromagnetic fields from astrophysical observations

Jul 9, 2021, 8:40 AM
Talk in the parallel session Strong Electromagnetic and Gravitational Field Physics: From Laboratories to Early Universe Strong Electromagnetic and Gravitational Field Physics: From Laboratories to Early Universe




Strong gravity regions, like the neighborhood of black holes or neutron stars, can induce non-
minimal couplings between electromagnetic fields and gravity. In these regions, gravitational fields
behave as a non-linear medium in which the electromagnetic fields propagate. For a system of mass
M and size R, the surface potential scales as M/R. Pulsar timing array, Double pulsar Shapiro
delay, and Event horizon telescope probe that largest surface potentials [10 −4 − 10 −2 ]. With many
future experiments, it is possible to constrain the non-minimal coupling between electromagnetic
fields and gravity. As a step in this direction, we consider the non-minimal coupling of EM field
tensor through Riemann tensor for a dynamical black-hole, described by the Sultana-Dyer metric. The
non-minimal coupling leads to modified dispersion relations of photons, which get simplified at
E/L >> 1 regime, where E and L are two conserved quantities obtained by taking into account
the symmetries of the metric. We calculate polarization-dependent photon deflection angle and
arrival time from these dispersion relations, which we evaluate considering different astrophysical
sources of photons. We compare the analytical results with the current astrophysical observations
to constraint the non-minimal coupling parameters to Riemann tensor more stringently.

Primary author



Prof. S Shankaranarayanan (IIT Bombay)

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