We consider a situation in which a quasar contains a source of gravitational waves (e.g. binary black holes) and electromagnetic waves from the quasar interact with gravitational waves from the source. The effect will be appreciable if the interaction initially takes place close to the source of gravitational waves where the strain amplitude can be large. This situation can be modeled...

Due to the technical time delay of the XRT instrument on board the Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory satellite, we cannot observe the X-ray emission occurring less than ∼40 s after a gamma-ray burst (GRB) trigger time. We here indicate a new strategy of using the cosmological time dilatation in high redshift GRBs to observe the earliest X-ray emission by Swift/XRT in the GRB cosmological...

We analyze the “ballistic method” of rotational energy extraction from an (extreme) Kerr black hole (BH) by massive particle decay in the BH ergosphere pioneered by Roger Penrose. We focus on the negative energy counterrotating particles in-going to the horizon and evaluate the feedback on the BH irreducible mass (∆Mirr > |E1|). The change in irreducible mass is a function of the ratio of the...

Charged black holes have been proposed as a central engine for GRBs.Damour and Ruffini proposed Schwinger mechanism of KN black holes as the central engine [Phys. Rev. Lett. 35, 332 (1975)] while Blandford and Znajek proposed that the magnetic fields surrounding rotating black holes supported by current of disks induce strong electric fields to produce electron-positron pairs for GRBs [Mon....

We consider pair production in uniform electric field in presence of electron-positron plasma. Depending on initial pair distirbution in momentum space pairs are either created or annihilated in external field. Pair are either created or annihilated depending on their initial distribution. We show that electric field cannot be enhanced by inverse Schwinger process.

We determine multipole coefficients of electromagnetic field for charged particle, radially falling into Schwarzschild black hole by approximating the Regge-Wheeler potential by the Dirac delta-function. Considering the limit when the particle is approaching the event horizon of the black hole we show analytically that all multipoles except for the monopole vanish exponentially fast.

Gravitational wave (GW) detection using electromagnetic (EM) cavities has garnered significant attention in recent years. With ongoing experiments on axion detection using highly sensitive electromagnetic cavity, there is potential to apply these existing facilities to GW detection, opening up a new channel of GW observation. In this review, we comprehensively examine the principles of GW...

The binary-driven hypernova (BdHN) model explains long GRBs associated with type Ic supernovae (SNe) with a binary composed of a carbon-oxygen (CO) star and a neutron star (NS) companion in close orbit. The CO core-collapse SN generates a newborn NS (new-NS) at its center and ejects the CO outer layers. This process triggers the GRB, starting from the accretion of ejecta onto the new-NS (via...

Weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) can be captured in compact stars such as white dwarves (WDs) if they are in a dark matter-rich environment, leading to an increase in the star luminosity through their annihilation process. I will show that if the WIMP interacts with nuclear targets through inelastic scattering the data on low-temperature large-mass WDs in the Messier 4 globular...

The huge luminosity, the redshift distribution extending at least up to z∼10 and the association with the explosive death of very massive stars make long GRBs (i.e., those lasting up to a few minutes) potentially extremely powerful probes for shedding light on main open issues in our understanding of the early Universe: star formation rate evolution up to the first generation of stars...

The binary-driven hypernova (BdHN) model explains long GRBs associated with type Ic supernovae (SNe) with a binary composed of a carbon-oxygen (CO) star and a neutron star (NS) companion in close orbit. The CO core-collapse SN generates a newborn NS (new-NS) at its center and ejects the CO outer layers. This process triggers the GRB, starting from the accretion of ejecta onto the new-NS (via...

We propose that the progenitor of the Crab Nebula and the Crab pulsar shares similarities with binary-driven hypernovae. The understanding of binary-driven hypernovae has revealed the crucial role played by the explosion of the supernova, as well as the hypercritical accretion of the supernova ejecta onto the binary companion neutron star (NS) and the newborn NS (νNS) in determining the...

I will provide two examples of machine learning applications in astrophysics. The first example is using deep neural networks to test the unification model of active galactic nucleus (AGN). The second example is a comparison between a simple specific neural network and a Fine-Tuned GPT model for the estimation of spectral redshift.

Using conformal invariance of gravitational waves, we show that for a luminal modified gravity theory, the gravitational-wave propagation and luminosity distance are the same as in general relativity. The relation between the gravitational-wave and electromagnetic-wave luminosity distance gets however modified for electromagnetism minimally coupled to the Jordan frame metric. Using effective...

Recent precise measurements suggest the needs beyond the standard lambda CDM cosmological model. We specifically consider gravity with the additional Gauss-Bonnet higher curvature term and study some astrophysical and cosmological implications.

Semi-analytical models of gravitational wave (GW) radiation are constructed following first principles. They are more than mere academic exercises and can be used to compute qualitative and quantitative results. We study a semi-analytical approach to gravitational radiation from rotating ellipsoids (Riemann ellipsoids), whose internal matter is described by a polytropic equation of state. It...

To reconcile principles of general relativity (GR) and quantum mechanics (QM), differential and quantum geometry, duality-symmetry configurations of distance and momentum, the Born reciprocity principle (BRP), and noncommutative algebra, especially the relativistic generalized uncertainty principle (RGUP), are simultaneously applied on GR and QM. The latter integrates gravitational fields in...

We study the classical Friedman equations for the time-varying cosmological term $\tilde\Lambda$

and Hubble function $H$, together with quantised field equations for the production of massive $M\gg H$ particles, namely, the $\tilde\Lambda$CDM scenario of dark energy and matter interactions. Classical slow components ${\mathcal O}(H^{-1})$ are separated from quantum fast components ${\mathcal...

General theory and quantum mechanics are fundamentally very different theories with distinct formulations. Nevertheless, both of them claim to predict how Nature works! The everlasting battle for exploring and understanding the Universe and for privileging a consistent perception of reality is therefore awaiting a consolidator rather than a conqueror. This should be capable of either unifying...